Wilhelma Elephant World
The Stuttgart zoo is situated in a unique park, which was commissioned by King William I in the 19th century. In the following decade, the ‘Wilhelma’ Park, which was named after him, underwent a transformation from a purely private retreat for a king to a unique, world-renowned zoological and botanical garden owned by the State of Baden-Württemberg.
The design for the new Elephant World building by the bidding consortium MKK, Herrmann+Bosch, Knippers Helbig, and Bantec ultimately prevailed in a high-profile planning competition. The roof of the new Elephant World building is conceived by Knippers Helbig as an organically shaped grid shell construction made of wood with a span of up to 100 m. The construction is being further developed using parametric methods in an interdisciplinary planning process on a digital building model. A large number of parameters are being taken into account, including user requirements, design, structural engineering, construction and manufacturing processes in timber construction, daylight simulations, and economic efficiency specifications. In cooperation with ‘Design to Production’, the production data will be extracted directly from the 3D geometry and delivered to the contracting timber construction companies.